Symptoms of gingivitis or gum disease include:
- Bleeding gums when brushing your teeth
- Bright red or red-purple appearance to gums
- Tender gums when touched
- Swollen gums
- Mouth sores
- A shiny appearance to gums
- Loose teeth
Factors that increase periodontal disease include:
- Smoking or chewing tobacco
- Diabetes or heart disease
- Crooked teeth
- Some types of medication such as steroids
- Hormonal changes in women. Such as pregnancy or menopause.
Your teeth and gums are very important to us here at Southfield Family Dental Center. We dedicate ourselves to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease.
Periodontal disease is an infection of the gum and bone around the teeth. It is caused by the germs in your mouth. The first stage is when the germs infect the gums only and it is called gingivitis.
Gingivitis is an infection of the gums only. This may cause the gums to become red and swollen and may sometimes lead to bleeding during tooth brushing. Over time if the gingivitis or gum disease is left untreated, then the infection goes deeper and infects the bone around the teeth. At this stage it is called periodontitis.
Periodontitis is an advanced form of gum disease. Early gum disease causes the gums to pull away from the teeth. This leaves deep pockets where plaque and bacteria can build up. Periodontitis can progress until the bones that support the teeth are damaged. Teeth may get loose and fall out or need to be removed. In most cases people do not realize that they have the infection because it doesn’t hurt. By the time it does hurt, it’s usually too late to save the teeth.
When gum disease develops, the body deposits a mineral layer under the gums. This layer is called tartar. Tartar causes the gums to become swollen. The first step in treating the gum disease is to remove this layer of tartar.
The procedure for removing tartar is called Scaling and Root Planning and is one of the most effective ways to treat gum disease before it becomes severe.